Forked Stem’ is:

A.Sometimes two shoots appear at the same time, giving usually a larger crown but from the forester’s point of view, this is a most unsatisfactory bole
B.Forking is often caused by injuries such as those resulting from frost damage, wind or hail storms, insect attack, particularly by budwarm (Salmalia)
C.Both (a) & (b)
D.None of these